Yellow Substances and automatic Turbidity Correction

Model: BG0035.0000

Manufacturer: bbe Moldaenke GmbH

Made in Germany

  • Environmental monitoring
  • Early warning system for algae blooms in limnological and marine waterways
  • Bathing water monitoring of blue-green algae (cyanobacteria)
  • Drinking water monitoring of (toxic) blue-green algae
  • Pre-warning of the occurrence of poisonous algae (e.g. cyanobacteria toxins)
  • Detection of chlorophyll and other pigments such as phycocyanine and phycoerythrine, fucoxanthine and peridinine
  • Aquaculture monitoring
  • Dam monitoring

The chlorophyll measuring instrument with algae class differentiation

The bbe FluoroProbe is a highly sensitive measuring instrument for the analysis of chlorophyll with algae class determination. Individual profiles during the measurements are taken for green algae, blue-green algae/cyanobacteria, diatoms/dinoflagellates and cryptophytes (others can be added e.g. Planktothrix rubescens)

This enables the analysis of the occurrence and distribution of e.g. blue-green algae on site without the necessity of the laboratory. Possible interferences due to yellow substances are eliminated by an integrated CDOM correction factor.

Chlorophyll in vivo measurement can be affected by particulate matter in the water body.  Therefore a correction is essential when the turbidity is too high. The bbe FluoroProbe  with the optional transmission sensor provides automatic turbidity correction using the latest bbe++ software extension. Turbidity correction with the FluoroProbe makes chlorophyll determination even more reliable.

The bbe FluoroProbe can quickly and reliably determine the chlorophyll content of different algae classes down to a depth of 100m (optionally 200 m). The measurement data can be displayed in real time on a PC or be stored in the probe for subsequent evaluation.

Measurement principle

The fluorescence of algae (emission at approx. 700nm wavelength) due to excitation by visible light mainly depends on the presence of chlorophyll-a, a common pigment in the plant world. The occurrence of other pigments is typical for the different algae classes. Interactions between these different pigment systems with chlorophyll-a result in a special excitation spectrum for the taxonomical algae classes.

The special patterns of this algae fluorescence – so-called fingerprints – are used in the bbe fluorometers for the quantification of different algae classes. The excitation light sources are LEDs with different wavelengths. The fingerprints of four algae classes and of yellow substances are already stored in the FluoroProbe. Special user-defined fingerprints can also be added.

Advantages of the FluoroProbe

  • determination of green algae, blue-green algae (cyanobacteria), diatoms and cryptophytes
  • up to 4 other algae classes can be calibrated by the user
  • up to 4 measurements per second
  • yellow substances correction and compensation of interferences by UV-LED
  • turbidity correction
  • reduces the number of required microscopic laboratory examinations
  • internal rechargeable batteries
  • internal datalogger
  • PC software for data analysis
  • options: temperature measurement, transmission measurement


  • environmental monitoring
  • early warning system for algae blooms in limnological and marine waterways
  • bathing water monitoring of blue-green algae (cyanobacteria)
  • drinking water monitoring of (toxic) blue-green algae
  • pre-warning of the occurrence of poisonous algae (e.g. cyanobacteria toxins)
  • detection of chlorophyll and other pigments such as phycocyanine and phycoerythrine, fucoxanthine and peridinine
  • aquaculture monitoring
  • dam monitoring
  • algae distribution in the Arctic/Antarctic
  • oceanographic research
  • mooring, experiments, continuous analysis
  • limnological research
  • research and teaching
  • tracer measurements


The bbe FluoroProbe software supplied with the instrument facilitates detailed data analysis. All measurement data can be displayed numerically or graphically. Sections of data measurements can be recorded and printed using the zoom function. Data can also be exported to a spreadsheet program (e.g Excel). All settings and calibrations are performed by the software.

The screenshots below show examples of profiles of algae distribution in the Plussee (lake in Northern Germany) recorded in June 1999. The measurements were made at the same location at 10:00 a.m. and 12:00 noon respectively. The chlorophyll of the dinoflagellates was predominant in the group given in yellow. The change in the depth profile can be traced back to a vertical movement of the dinoflagellates, which actively moved to a deeper level due to adaptation to the current nutrient level.

The specific adaptation of the individual algae groups can be detected due to the cryptophytes, the maximum of which was found at about 5 m depth and did not change during the observation period. Blue-green algae and green algae also show a distribution in the depth profile, which is independent of time.

Hydro-Wiper unit to prevent biofouling

The FluoroProbe can now be operated on moored platforms, submersed from buoys or fixed measuring stations using the Hydro-Wiper (made by Zebra-Tech Ltd, NZ). The wiper brushes can be set to periodically clean the lenses of the measuring chamber to remove biofilms and dirt which builds up over long periods of operation

2 operating modes

The Mobile Submersible Probe:
Fast and flexible chlorophyll concentration and algae class determination throughout a body of water

Laboratory Operation with a Workstation 25:
A workstation for 25ml glass cuvettes with a stirrer unit is available for laboratory operation. For more information, please see Ordering Info.

Measurands – total chlorophyll [µg chl-a/l]

– concentration of green algae [µg chl-a/l]

– concentration of cyanobacteria [µg chl-a/l]

– concentration of diatoms/brown algae [µg chl-a/l]

– concentration of cryptophytes [µg chl-a/l]

– fingerprints of classes/species, also user-defined (e.g. Planktothrix rubescens) [µg chl-a/l]

– yellow substances

– depth

– temperature (optional)

– transmission (optional)

Chlorophyll 0 – 500 µg chl-a/l
Resolution 0.01 µg chl-a/l
Transmission 0 – 100%
Maximal diving depth 0 – 100 m ( Standard )

0 – 200 m ( Extended range)

Interface RS 485
Memory 2GB, 10 triệu bộ dữ liệu
Software bbe ++ cho windows
Size (H x D) 450x 140 mm
Weight 6.4 Kg
Power supply 12V 
Battery capacity 3900 mA h
Operating time continuously up to 10 h; interval up to 30 days
Housing material reinforced carbon fibre/V4A steel
Temperature Sample: -2 – 40°C

Environment: -2 – 40°C

Accessories hard plastic case

power supply

protection cap

USB adapter

USB stick



Options Temperature measurement

Transmission measurement (turbidity)

Cable lengths of 2, 5, 10, 20, 30, 50 and 100m

Workstation 25 (benchtop holder)

Wydro-Wiper Unit

Flow-Through Unit

Protective Cage

SDI-12 with bbe converter



  • Transmission sensor (FPIII)
  • Temperature Sensor (FPIII / PP)
  • Autostart Plug for FP/PP
  • Bluetooth handheld for FP/PP
  • Hydro-Wiper for FluoroProbe/PhycoProbe
  • Workstation25 for FP and PP
  • Underwater Cable for bbe FluoroProbe/PhycoProbe
  • Cable reel with Bluetooth-adapter (for FP/PP-cables)
  • Standard Utility Case vertical for FP
  • Hard plastic carry case (for FP/PP-cables)
  • Hard plastic carry case
  • Measuring Cylinder FluoroProbe/PhycoProbe
  • Protective Cage for FP
  • USB cable connector (supplied with FP III /PP)
  • RS 485/USB converter cable (supplied with FP/PP)
  • Flow-Through Unit (FP/PP)
  • Lab cable 60cm

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